Capital Srinagar (Summer Capital) & Jammu (Winter Capital) Official Language Urdu
Jammu and Kashmir is a state in northern India, often denoted by the acronym J&K. It is located mostly in the Himalayan mountains, and shares borders with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south. Jammu and Kashmir has an international border with China in the north and east, and the Line of Control separates it from the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan in the west and northwest respectively. The state has special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India. And the popular cities of Kashmir are Jammu, Srinagar, Mirpur, Leh, Ladakh, Kargil, Baramulla, Anantnag, and Poonch. The common languages spoken varies - Kashmiri, also known as Koshur is spoken in the Kashmir Valley. People living in Ladakh speak Ladakhi, whereas people in Jammu mostly speak Dogri. Hindi is mostly spoken by the Kashmiri Pandits and the Gujjar people of the state.
What is Juicy?
A state that is directly blessed by god, a state where nature binds and blends seamlessly, a state with rich natural resources, a state with pleasant, beautiful and courteous people, a state that has unexplored habitats, Jammu and Kashmir has always been the focal point for anyone who wants to integrate with nature. Mountains, lakes, gardens, orchards, snow spread in harmony, a rich consortium of culture and tradition, has put J&K in the helm of affairs always despite political disturbances. J&K has always been and will ever be the gateway to heaven offering nature in its unadulterated form.
The people of Jammu and Kashmir have always valued education and the valley has prestigious institutions offering primary and secondary school education. Notable higher education or research institutes in Jammu and Kashmir include Sher-e-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences Soura Srinagar, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, National Institute of Technology, Srinagar, Government College of Engineering and Technology, Jammu and the Government Medical College of Jammu. University-level education is provided by University of Jammu, Islamic University of Science & Technology.
Some noted Kashmiri dishes include:
- "Qabargaah" (Kashmiri Muslims commonly refer to this dish as Tabakhmaaz)
- Shab Deg: dish cooked with turnip and meat, left to simmer overnight.
- Dum Olav/Dun Aloo: cooked with yoghurt, ginger powder, fennel and other hot spices.
- Kashmiris tea- kahwah - a green tea made with saffron, spices, and almonds or walnuts
- Kashmiri Pandits are also meat eater.
The Paradise of India, Jammu & Kashmir, has the most exotic, natural locales in the map of India.Some of the most exotic locations in Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh are:
- Pangong Tso (Leh)
- Vaishno Devi (Katra)
- Hall of Fame (Leh)
- Vaishno Devi Mandir (Jammu City)
- Apharwat Peak (Gulmarg)
- Drass War Memorial (Kargil)
- Thiksey Monastery (Leh)
- Khardung La (Ladakh)
- The famous Dal Lake
The traditional outfit for both males and females in Kashmir is the phiran (or pheran) and poots. The phiran and poots consist of two gowns, one over the other. Hindu females use a “taranga”, a headdress which becomes smaller down at back, towards the heels. Islamic Kashmiri females use a red headwear known as the “kasaba”. It is important to note that Kashmiri culture is predominantly followed only in the Kashmir valley and Doda of the Chenab region. Jammu and Ladakh have their own distinct cultures that are very different from that of Kashmir. The Dumhal is a famous dance in the Kashmir valley, performed by men of the Wattal region.
The airports of Jammu & Kashmir and Leh are:
- Jammu Airport
- Kargil - Kargil Airport
- Leh - Kushok Bakula Rimpochhe Airport
- Srinagar International Airport