Capital Capital of Punjab and Haryana Official Language English
Chandigarh is bordered by the state of Punjab to the north, west and south, and to the state of Haryana to the east. The Greater Chandigarh includes Chandigarh, and the city of Panchkula (in Haryana) and cities of Kharar, Kurali, Mohali, Zirakpur (in Punjab). Chandigarh, a Union Territory of India, was designed by the Swiss-French modernist architect, Le Corbusier. His buildings include the Capitol Complex with its High Court, Secretariat and Legislative Assembly, as well as the giant Open Hand Monument. The common and native languages are Punjabi and Hindi. The important cities are Mohali, Panchkula and Sarangpur, wherein Mohali falls under Punjab administrative borders and Panchkula under the Haryana administrative borders.
Chandigarh is India’s best planned city designed by famous French architect Le Corbusier post Independence, the city tops the list of states and Union territories in Per capita income and was awarded as one of the cleanest cities in the world, the modern day architectural splendor is in full display in the city planning, its buildings, residential complexes, roads, gardens and variety of other parametric indicators. Chandigarh has also got one of the most sophisticated cosmopolitan lifestyle. It is located in the foot hills of the Shivalik range of mountains offering a great scope to tourism too. Some important places of tourist interest are Sukhna Lake, Rock garden, Leisure valley, Open hand monument, Capitol complex, Cactus Garden, National Gallery of Portraits, and Garden of Fragrance.
There are numerous educational institutions in Chandigarh. These range from privately and publicly operated schools to colleges and the Panjab University. Other Institutions are Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Govt Medical college & Hospital, Punjab Engineering College Deemed University, Govt College for Men, Govt College for Women, DAV College, MCM DAV College for Women, and many more.
The favourite and popular food and dishes include the
- Makki di Roti
- Sarson ka Saag
- Dal Makhni
- Punjabi Chhole
- Palak Paneer
- Stuffed Vegetable
- Punjabi Parantha
- Baingan da Bhurtha
Rose Garden, Rock Garden, Sukhna Lake, Fun City, City center, Roopkund Trek, Pinjore Gardens, Government Museum and Art Gallery, Timber Trail, Sri Sri Radha Madhav Temple. Garden of Fragrance in Sector 36, Garden of Palms in Sector 42, Butterfly Park in Sector 26, Valley of Animals in Sector 49, the Japanese Garden in Sector 31 and the Terraced Garden in Sector 33, Shanti Kunj Garden located between rose garden and cricket stadium in Sector 16 is another garden full of flora and fauna. There are other attractions in the well planned city.
Though the people of Chandigarh belong to a cosmopolitan culture they are endowed with numerous temples, mosques, shrines and bhawans present throughout the city. The culture is a blend of Hinduism, Sikhism and Islam.
- Chandigarh Airport